How to use a metal detector- Step By Step Guideline

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  • Post last modified:January 18, 2021

Are you a newbie into treasure hunting? Do you use metal detectors for your coin hunting? Do you want to know how to operate a metal detector effectively? If “Yes!!!”, then this metal detecting guide is for only you. In this guideline we will know, “how to use a metal detector properly?” but before that let’s know some history and some intro about metal detecting.

What is Metal Detecting?

Metal Detection & Treasure Hunting has always given many people great thrill, pleasure and adventure. Because of the modern electronic equipment, the thought of digging up in metal detecting is a normal thing nowadays. It might be tenting to turn the metal detector on, and rush the door in order for gold to be found, especially when you have a costly metal detector.

What is a Metal Detector?

An electronic device detecting the nature of the surrounding metal is a metal detector. Metal detectors are helpful in finding indoor secret metal inclusions or underground metal objects. These are often a portable device, which can be swept over the ground or other objects, using a sensor sensor. Finding the easiest metal detector to use for your coin hunting is the main trick.

The signal generator of a detector generates the alternate current, which passes through a coil that induces an alternating magnetic field, is a simplest form of a metal detector. If a piece of electrically conductive metal is near the spiral, currents of eddy are produced in the metal, and that results in its own magnetic field

How to Metal Detect?

It is not difficult to detect metal, but there is a wrong and a right way of doing it  And if you want to know how to metal detect properly then first you have to know, “how to use a metal detector?” Not only that, but you have to know about all the metal detector settings also. Without this knowledge, your most exciting treasure hunting will become dull and boring.

So to keep the metal detecting mission exciting and enjoy whatever time you spend, you need to know the right way of using a metal detector. You may ask, “What is the right way?? Let me tell you how do you use a metal detector,

The signal generator of a detector generates the alternate current, which passes through a coil that induces an alternating magnetic field, which is the simplest form of a metal detector. If a piece of electrically conductive metal is near the spiral, currents of eddy are produced in the metal, and that results in its own magnetic field

Metal Detector Settings

Before we learn how to use metal detector settings, we must know, Every metal detector has some basic settings. As it is an electronic device knowing the settings is mandatory. If you go on your metal detecting mission without knowing your detector it can get more messed up you can imagine.

Using a metal detector becomes more easy and enjoyable after you know all the features and settings. The basic settings of metal detectors are,

Discrimination setting

You can filter items that you don’t want to find with this setting. For example, you can set the detector to ignore iron if you’re in an area with lots of garbage. It lists objects which are more likely to be important to “discriminate.”

You can set it to zero or you can increase it. Zero means your detector will detect every single metal and with the increase of number it will ignore metal objects. So if you look for gold, you’ll need to turn it up until you no longer find gold.

Turn it down a little, though, to exclude and forget the biggest amount of metals other than gold. This atmosphere may even be worth writing for the future.

Sensitivity setting

It’s not like any normal settings in a metal detector.. It’s a detector of metal, I presume. Would it not always be as delicate as possible and as deep as possible to detect objects? Now, not in reality.See, the soil has different mineral forms, iron, rock, salt, etc.

The greater the sensitivity, the greater the detector, but that’s not always what you want. For instance, a lower sensitivity is often better when you are in an area with many pipes. Tweak a bit with these settings and you will get into the habit of using it more often.

Pro Tips: You should always set your metal detector to the highest possible sensitivity without setting false goals.

Ground Balance

Soil contains small amounts of metal that can activate a detector occasionally. When you find that you get steady pings for iron, but when you dig none, the ground balance is set by asking the detector to disregard iron to a certain level. The ground balance is a neutral point for the searched area.

For example, if the soil balance is fixed before searching again, switching from dry sand to moist sand would result in better quality hits. Even if you see metal on the ground, if this setting is reset again, the results are better.

Most of the high end metal detectors have automatic ground balance and also manual settings.

Basic Parts of a Metal Detector

There are quite simple physical components of a metal detector, but you have to remember their names and what they do unless you try to adjust them.


It is a cup of padding that suits your arm and has made the metal sensor more secure, reducing tension from your arm over a long period of time.

Control Box

The metal detector monitoring box contains the principal detector electronics. Often water-resistant, weather-resistant, or even dustproof. You should sometimes consult the guide of your metal sensor to learn it. Sometimes it is not.

The majority of control boxes are equipped with an LCD display, allowing you to easily see your settings and read the target information. Cheaper metal detectors can be equipped with an ancient needle meter for signal strength.


Almost every metal detector has an expanding shaft that suits every user’s height and takes up less space for storage or travel.

Search Coil

Almost every metal detector has an expanding shaft that suits every user’s height and takes up less space for storage or travel.

Apparently, in many sizes and configurations, there are many different kinds of search buckles for metal detectors. We will not take advantage of everybody as we cover basic knowledge here.

In general, anything that comes with a metal detector will do fine in any situation you’ll be in until you reach a very advanced level and probably use a high-end metal detector.

Prepare Your Kit

Using metal detectors are the most effective means of identifying hidden treasures and objects. Before using a metal detector you have to prepare some extra treasure hunting kits or metal detecting tools such as


You must dig through gravel, sand and metal so your hands need to be clean. One of the most important metal detection accessories is one tough pair of gloves.


Although you do not need a large pair of overheads, it is the best way to hear your beep when a signal is found. However, any headphones can do the job with volume control.

Digging Tools

Choosing the best place to use metal detectors is not only enough, you have to choose the right digging tools and bring them with you. The right digging tool does not only help your job. It can also cause ground damage, which is essential in order to be a responsible detector.

A small trowel can do the job, but better solutions are a sand scoop for beaches or Lesche ground diggers.

Coil Covers

If you don’t have a coil cover on your detector you’ll have to buy one. They are relatively low, but can avoid scratches and tines that can decrease performance.


You’re going to need to dig out, so get a good bottle, at least 8-10 or longer.

Pinpointer (Optional)

This is a smaller, more powerful metal detector, usually sold for 20-30 dollars. It can help find the target once a dirt patch is detected in the metal detector. But do you need a pinpointer?

Before you start, a pinpointer is not necessary – but if you enjoy the hobby it will probably be one of the first accessories you will purchase.

For instance, if a cheap digging tool hits rocks or hard soils, it can break. Low quality gloves can break, and they may not protect you. There’s nothing worse than a trip during a hunting break.

Don’t waste too much on unnecessary things when you get started first. You can buy almost endless equipment to detect a product, including sacks, knee pads, different scoops, diggers and more.

Best Place to Use Metal Detector

Finding the best place to use metal detectors for treasure hunting or metal detecting is very important. High foot traffic areas, fields and courtyards are all great spots. You must transform the old ruins, houses and areas of destruction into trucks once used to handle your detector. Few examples are:

      • Under ski lifts
      • Churchyards
      • Sand, dirt or grass parking areas
      • Recreational vehicle parks and campsites.
      • Around resort areas.

Pro Tip: It is important to ensure that you are allowed to metal detect in the spot.

If hunting is not allowed, fines can be incurred and prohibited from other areas – so that is not something that needs to be taken lightly. If you use your detector improperly, national park rangers may even confiscate it.

When you Start Your Hunting?

Now assume you have the easiest metal detector to use, you also learn using a metal detector and find the best place to use your metal detector for hunting. What’s next? It’s time for hunting.

Here are some of the fundamental elements of using a metal detector. Whether you use it for coins, relics or gold nuggets, you have the basic requirements to find things with your detector reliably.

There are some systematic ways to go for hunting not only that with the best metal detecting tips and tricks you can make your hunting memorable and enjoyable.

What is Sweeping the Coil?

An operator needs to master one of the most critical techniques when detecting metals is spinning or sweeping the coil. All the metal detectors are designed for side-by-side movement. With a consistent speed, it should pass close to the ground. The trainer must make sure that every pitch is overlapped.

It will help you to avoid missing potential targets to produce best results in the pitching technique. In other words, ensure that between the previous sweep and the next one there are no holes left to avoid the lack of gold. It is also essential to ensure that the search spindle on the detector is always positioned near the ground when used.

It helps prevent deep goals from being missed. Even one or two inches above the ground significantly reduces the depth detection. Therefore, at the end of each sweep, the operator should not raise the belt.

Go Slow and Keep Low for Gold

In the coin hunting or hunting for the gold, the operator must also ensure that the spiral of the detector swings low and gradually. Always be sure that the height of the spiral on top of the floor is well controlled to the lowest degree possible.

The operator of the detector also must guarantee that it is motion at a lower speed when it is swallowed. There must be caution in all procedures so that all potential spots in a given area or space can be identified by the system.

Persistent and Patient is the Key

Some imagine detectors searching for the mysterious beep which somehow undoubtedly shows signs of buried treasure. This is not accurate-almost any hunting ground has plenty of objectives.

You have Keep your nerve calm and be persistent with your searching. It can get disapproving to dig garbage, but it’s only part of the game.

Bottom Line

The time spent outdoors is one of the best things about metal detection. If you’re sick of sitting in a seat or watching TV, it’s a great way to explore places you’d never seen in your town. Apart from knowing the potentially dangerous fauna and flora, make sure that you’re mindful of what you say-particularly if you are self-hunting.

If a stranger asks if something positive has been found, often it is best to simply say “no, trash today!”Be friendly, but also aware that it’s difficult to prove otherwise when you show your findings and someone declares them to be lost. In this article I tried my best to teach you how to use a metal detector.

Treat your new hobby patiently. If metal detection takes time, you will get better and be more effective.

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